All posts by Paul Morgan

Waste Disposal and Waste Management

Rubbish removal Northern Beaches Sydney is either placing waste in water or onto land. Waste is taken to facilities where the waste is permanently contained and can prevent the release of pollutants into the environment. When disposing of solid waste, it often is placed on land in a landfill. Liquid waste is disposed of in injection wells that bury the refuse deep under ground. These wells are closely monitored to prevent leakage of harmful pollutants into the drinking water.

America alone generates nearly 208 million tons of solid waste per year and it is only expected to increase. Each person actually generates about 4.3 pounds of waste per day. Even though we have developed many different ways to dispose of refuse, there is still no absolutely safe way to remove and store trash.

History of Waste Disposal

The disposal of waste wasn’t always so carefully monitored. In the 18th century in England and France, people with carts were paid to carry trash out of town and dispose of it. Benjamin Franklin spurred the first municipal cleaning system in Philadelphia in 1757, making the dumping of trash in open pits a routine action. However, since then our trash has become more complicated and can’t simply be placed in a hole in the ground. We have many different types of trash and they must be disposed of properly to prevent contaminating the environment.

Types of Waste

There are many different types of waste and it is classified according to its physical, chemical, and biological characteristics. One of the major ways it is classified is by consistency; whether it is solid or liquid waste. To classify as a solid waste the material must contain less than 70% water. This classification often encompasses materials such as; household garbage, industrial wastes, mining waste, and some oilfield wastes. Liquid wastes must be less than 1% solid and is often from wastewater. Wastewater often contains high levels of dissolved salts and metals. Sludge is the final consistency classification; being somewhere between a liquid and a solid. Sludge often contains between 3 and 25% solids and the rest of it is made up of water dissolved materials.

The Federal government classifies waste into 3 categories; non-hazardous, hazardous, and Special wastes. Non-hazardous waste does not pose any immediate threat to health or the environment. This category includes household refuse. Hazardous wastes can either be ignitable/reactive or leachable. This means that hazardous waste is either flammable or has the potential to leach toxic chemicals. Special wastes have very specific guidelines to regulate it. Examples of Special Waste would be radioactive waste and medical waste.

How do we dispose of it?

There are a variety of ways that we dispose of trash and waste. Landfill use is the most common and can account for more than 90% of the countries municipal waste. However, landfills have been proven to contaminate drinking water in some regions. Landfills are the most cost-effective way of disposing; collection and transport represents 75% of the total cost involved. In modern landfills, the garbage is spread thin in compacted layers and then is covered by fresh earth. Landfills minimize pollution by lining the hole, contouring the fill, compacting and planting the top cover layer, diverting drainage, and by choosing sites that are not often affected by flooding or high groundwater levels. Clay is the best type of soil for a landfill because it is less permeable than other types of soil. Some materials that are disposed of in landfills can be solidified into solid materials like cement, fly ash, asphalt, or organic polymers.

Garbage is also disposed of using incinerators. This method is more costly but safer than a landfill. Modern incinerators can destroy nearly 99.9% of organic waste material. Many thermal processes recover energy from the solid waste that is incinerated. Pyrolysis, the process of chemical breakdown can produce a plethora of gasses and inert ash. Incinerators that burn garbage have been known to contaminate the air, soil, and water. Many communities near incinerators object to them for fear of possible harmful emissions.

Hazardous waste is also pumped into deep wells inside the earth. This is called waste injection. Many people are strongly opposed to this because it has caused explosions and even earthquakes in the past.

Organic materials that contain little or no heavy metals can be detoxified biologically. This is often done by composting and land farming; where waste materials are spread over a large area of land so that microbes can easily work to decompose them. However, hazardous wastes must be detoxified before they leach into the groundwater causing water contamination.

Recycling solid waste is not a new idea. In prehistoric times, metal tools were often melted down and recast. These days, recyclable materials are removed from municipal waste by shredding, magnetic separation of metals, screening, and washing. Composting involves the preparing of waste and breaking down the organic matter using aerobic microorganisms. This has lead to many municipalities and garbage collection agencies to require their customers to separate recyclable items from other types of household waste.

Another type of waste is livestock waste. It is created by large livestock companies. These generate more than 30 times the waste that humans do. Yearly, livestock waste accounts for 1.375 billion tons of refuse. The Environmental Products and Technologies Corporation has developed a system to reduce the amount of livestock waste. With their Closed Loop Waste Management System they can turn animal waste into commercial quantities of pathogen free, nutrient dense, soil building materials.

The Future of Waste

Currently, the best way to reduce the amount of waste that must be disposed of is to prevent its creation. Consumers must protest against the production of needless waste and push the movement for using and producing recycled products. These strategies to reduce waste may cost us more upfront but we will pay a lesser price in the end. Reducing waste can add extra years in which we can live on this planet healthfully.

Contact WasteCare for waste disposal services or if you need a waste management company.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Patrick_Sharple/269720

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Visual Arts Reviews by The Arts Desk

In its visual arts coverage this week, The Arts Desk takes a look at imaginary cityscapes, illuminated manuscripts, American art and even art as a form of therapy. Pinterest in a good medium for a concept boards artist.

Fisun Guner was deeply impressed by Andrew Graham-Dixon’s BBC Four programme ‘Art of America’, the first in a series which traces the broad picture of American art, beginning with its colonial past. Graham-Dixon, she concluded, is the master of TV arts programmes, mixing erudition with an easy, light presenting manner, while BBC Four, she pronounced, especially with their sterling visual arts programming, is the only channel worth watching. The episode covered from the first attempts of white settlers – such as the artist John White, who recorded the pastoral wonders he found there in 1585 – to the fragmentary art and artefacts of the Native Americans, to Benjamin West’s paintings of American Independence. The art itself was often crude and rather dull compared to European contemporaries, but more interesting were the stories of the nation that they told, through what they showed and, indeed, what they omitted.

Meanwhile in one of the smaller London galleries, an imaginary city called Nobson Newtown, created by artist Paul Noble, forms the basis of his new exhibition at the Gagosian. It begins with the genesis of Newtown, with Noble creating his own myth for the city, illustrating Bible scenes in his own inimitable way, and then progresses to a huge drawing of the park. Judith Flanders was struck by the obsessive-compulsive quality of Noble’s intricate pencil drawings of this surreal cityscape, with elements of smutty cartoons reminiscent of Robert Crumb and ‘Viz’ thrown in. With his cartographic viewpoint overlooking the city, filled with turd-like men, rubbish and dying shrubbery, Noble comments on the creation, the state and the purpose or our cityscapes. Though the result is not particularly positive, his concentrated attention to detail makes his works compulsive viewing.

As a ‘Culture Show Special’ over Armistice weekend, Tim Samuels presented ‘Art for Heroes’ on BBC Two, dedicated to the invisible wounds of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and the new art therapy that attempts to treat it. As archive footage showed, PTSD is nothing new, but it’s only recently been recognised and art therapy is currently available to precious few, though the veterans that Samuels spoke to, both in the UK and America, were entirely convinced of its efficacy, tapping as it does into repressed memories and things that cannot necessarily be verbalised. Though it’s perhaps unnecessary to judge their work by the standards of professional artists, Josh Spero noted that the veterans had just the same drive to create as any other artist and worked in a huge range of styles and abilities, some proving extraordinarily visceral, powerful and moving. The programme, though half an hour too long, culminated in an exhibition for the veterans’ work and left its poignant message that with soldiers returning from Afghanistan, there will soon be many more in need of this kind of therapy.

And finally, in her second art review of the week, Judith Flanders discovered a jewel of an exhibition at the British Library in ‘Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination’. It’s a collection acquired by the British Museum in 1757 but begun in the 15th century by Edward IV, who was looking to manufacture propaganda through books that celebrated God and through God his sovereigns on earth. The manuscripts, richly painted by master craftsmen of the age, comprise history books, conduct books, maps, mythical tales, bibles and psalters and provide an incredible record of history and courtly life. The scale of the exhibition Flanders found astonishing, with more than 150 manuscripts to look at and excellent digital aids as well. And though the captions are occasionally lacking in historical detail, it’s still a fascinating and beautiful show. As these works spend most of their lives hidden from daylight for preservation purposes, it’s a case of catch them while you can.

Hold a Child’s Birthday Party for Charity

To help you weed through the pack and find the best environmental charities to donate to, read on for our tips and charity recommendations. As a parent, you probably know that the birthday party routine can be an almost painful experience. With about 20 children in your child’s class, going to more than one birthday party in one weekend can occur quite often. If you have more than one child, birthday-party weekends can take over your entire life. Finding the right gift takes hours, wrapping the present and preparing the card is more time. When it is your child’s turn for a birthday party, do you really want to put other parents through the same routine? Will your child really appreciate 20 birthday gifts on top of what you and your family have already given him? Does your child really need more toys?

Teaching our child that it’s just as wonderful to give as it is to receive is almost never easy. But once they understand the concept, the rewards can last a lifetime. As a parent, you probably want to guide your child to become a healthy and ethical adult. How can you lead your child to a healthy future? What kind of activities can you do together as a family that will steer your child towards becoming a compassionate adult? Community service and Volunteerism are your answer. Not only will you show your child that it is “cool” to care for others, but it will also be a wonderful way to get others involved. You can do just that with a charity birthday party.

Firstly, you must discuss this with your child. You can’t just announce to your child that some or all of his gifts will be going to charity. Avoid bribing and coercion, the mission is to get your child enthusiastic about helping others. I suggest the following:

1. Know Your Child and How Much He Can Be Expected to Give – Just because you are enthusiastic to give all of your child’s presents to charity, it doesn’t mean that your child will feel the same way. Again, don’t coerce your child to have a charitable party. Discuss with your child different ways that his party can become a means to give and not only to receive. For example, The child can keep half of his presents and the other half go to charity.

2. Know Your Child and His Interests- Each child has interests that can be converted into a great giving and charitable experience. If your child is interested in art, match them up with an art charity (http://www.artistshelpingchildren.org). If your child is interested in homelessness, match your child’s party up with a homeless shelter. Once your child is matched with the right charity, your child will have a rewarding charity birthday that he will always remember.

3. The Actual Events of The Party Can Be For a Charitable Purpose – Instead of giving away your child’s presents, you can consider holding a charitable project as the entertainment. For example, Charity Making and Stuffing a Teddy Bear Project (http://artistshelpingchildren.org/donateteddybears.html) and donate all of the teddy bears to a local pediatric hospital, orphanage, or shelter.

4. Have Every Child Bring a Used Toy or Item to Give to Charity – Instead of having every child bring a new item to be donated to charity, have everyone bring in a used toy, or other item. These items can then be donated to a non-profit organization. For children who aren’t excited about having a charity party, you can have everyone bring in a small gift for the birthday child in addition to a used item.

5. Remember to Still Make the Event Special for The Birthday Child – Don’t take all gifts away from your child. You must allow your child to still receive gifts from you, family members, and other close people in his life.

6. Meaningful Conversation First – If our child is having a difficult time figuring out what charity he wants to give to, it might be a good idea to watch the news together and see what sparks your child’s interest. Sometimes seeing less fortunate people and suffrage can spark a child into wanting to give. Also, bring up social issues and discuss them with your child.

7. What Do My Parents Do? – Children learn by example. If your child sees you as a giving individual, they will be more likely to want to give of themselves as well. How can you expect your child to give up things that are important to them without giving items yourself. Consider doing something giving at your birthday every year as well.

Can Having a Charitable Birthday Party Really Be Good For My Child?

You bet it can! It has been proven by researchers that a child’s self-esteem is boosted when taking on altruistic responsibilities. When children help others, they will begin to understand that they have the strength to make a real difference in their world…and this is a great feeling. Another enormous benefit of a charitable birthday party is that a child will gain a deeper understanding of the needs and wants of others. Researchers have also noticed that children who volunteer or give charitably might gain increased academic skills, including critical thinking and problem solving skills.

I run Artists Helping Children – http://www.ArtistsHelpingChildren.org – A non-profit charity dedicated to bringing comfort to children in hospitals, clinics, and shelters by brightening their environment with murals, artwork, toys, and art supplies.

Rachel Goldstein is Founder of Artists Helping Children – http://www.ArtistsHelpingChildren.org – A non-profit charity dedicated to bringing comfort to children in hospitals, clinics, and shelters by brightening their environment with murals, artwork, toys, and art supplies.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Rachel_Goldstein/2147

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Finding Out How To Delight In The Swells With Surfing Lessons

Getting the finest surfing lessons provides numerous positive aspects to the students especially if they are planning to join for a surf contest. Lots of people are actually attracted to delight in surfing as their interests while other buffs consider the activity earnestly in order to participate in numerous surfing tournaments. It is widely regarded as an exciting water pastime together with some other water sports activities. This is exactly why a lot of people look for the most effective surf classes in several regions which can educate them the ideal methods in riding the swells. It is very probable to have fun with the water once you obtain the surf courses.

Almost all of the surf locations have many surfing schools which could quickly provide classes. There are some individuals who are not truly fascinated regarding surfing but will eventually considered it as extremely exciting after witnessing the surfers relishing the water. This is why they search for the perfect school that will aid them do surfing. Apart from the newbies, various other surf buffs will also take surfing sessions in an effort to obtain much more techniques and to further develop their abilities. The trainings are usually divided into different levels so as to fit every pupil.

Seeking the best surfing lessons will sometimes demand traveling to various areas. The surfers would often travel to different parts of the earth in order to find the best surf locations which could truly satisfy their tastes. Typically, these individuals will pay out considerable sum of money for the holidays to visit the best destination. A few of the frequently favorite surfing destinations are situated in Europe because of the great seashores along with the amazing swells in the nations which include in Spain, Portugal, Ireland and France. The pupils can likewise delight in the beautiful views in the spot aside from mastering the strategies to surf.

Obtaining the most excellent surfing lessons is less difficult if you have the ideal water school. To be able to provide the most reliable trainings, an excellent school needs to have a proficient coach who has got ample understanding as well as practical experience regarding surfing activity. Furthermore, the surf trainer needs to have exceptional abilities in dealing with several pupils particularly the newbies. This initiative is extremely important considering that the newcomers would start out their courses from the simplest while some others may have upfront trainings. Furthermore, the gear being employed in the training must be of top quality.

To be able to obtain the most effective surfing lessons, it is really vital to choose the appropriate school. Checking the history of the school may be very helpful in determining its ability to efficiently train the pupils the methods to surf. An additional aspect to consider in deciding on the school is the best location. Some people would go for schools that are located in surf locations which may have lesser audience in order to fully focus in the schooling. Furthermore, it could easily help the students conquer their anxieties in riding the swells.

Homeowner Tips From a Certified Home Inspection Pro

Tools Every Homeowner Should Have

When you contact our 24 hour electrician Brisbane your call is answered by our on-call team member who is ready to respond to a range of urgent electrical issues. Flashlight: None of the tools you own will be of any use if you cannot visually inspect the situation. The problem-and solution-are apparent only with a good flashlight. A traditional two-battery flashlight is usually sufficient, as larger flashlights may be too unwieldy. Of course, having backups at home (as well as in all your vehicles) is a must for emergency situations.

Tape Measure: Measuring house projects requires a tape measure-not a ruler or a yardstick. Tape measures come in many lengths, although one that is at least 25 feet is best. Measure everything at least twice to ensure accuracy, regardless of the project.

Hacksaw: A hacksaw is useful for cutting metal objects, such as pipes, bolts and brackets. Hacksaws look thin and flimsy, but they’ll easily cut through even the hardest of metals. Blades are replaceable, so focus your purchase on a quality hacksaw frame. Use a stable surface for cutting, and use caution, as a hacksaw injury can be painful and deep.

Torpedo Level: Only a level can be used to determine if something, such as a shelf, appliance or picture, is correctly oriented. The torpedo-style level is unique because it not only shows when an object is perfectly horizontal and vertical, but it also has a gauge that shows when an object is at a 45-degree angle. The bubble in the viewfinder must be exactly in the middle-not merely close.

Safety Glasses: For all tasks involving a hammer, saw or a power tool, you should always wear safety glasses or goggles. They should also be worn while you mix chemicals, install insulation, and do major renovation projects involving tear-downs of building materials, such as drywall, because anything that can go airborne upon destruction can wind up in your eyes, causing irritation or injury.

Fire Safety for the Home

The National Fire Protection Association’s fire prevention program promotes the following eight tips that people of all ages and abilities can use to keep family members safe, especially during the threat of a house fire.

Plan and practice your escape from fire

We’ve heard this advice before, but you can’t be prepared to act in an emergency if you don’t have a plan and everybody knows what that plan is. Panic and fear can spread as quickly as a fire, so map out an escape route and a meeting place outdoors, and involve even the youngest family members so that everyone can work as a unit to make a safe escape. If you live in a condo or apartment building, make sure you read the signs posted on your floor advising you of the locations of stairways and other exits, as well as alarm pull stations and fire extinguishers.

Plan your escape around your abilities

Keeping a phone by your bedside will allow you to call 911 quickly, especially if the exits of your home are blocked by smoke or flames. Keep a pair of shoes near your bed, too. If your home or building has a fire escape, take some time to practice operating it and climbing it.

Smoke alarms save lives

If you don’t already have permanently installed smoke alarms hard-wired into your electrical system and located outside each bedroom and on each floor, purchase units and place them in those locations. Install them using adhesive or screws, but be careful not to touch your screwdriver to any internal wiring. Doing this can cause an electrostatic discharge and disable them. Also, install carbon monoxide detectors as they can protect family members from lethal poisoning even before a fire starts.

Give space heaters space

Whether saving on utility bills by using the furnace infrequently, or when using these portable units for spot heating, make sure you give them at least 3 feet of clearance. Be sure to turn off and unplug them when you leave or go to bed. Electrical appliances draw current even when they’re turned off, and a faulty unit can cause a fire that can spread through the wires in the walls at a deadly pace.

If you smoke, smoke outside

Not only will this keep your family members healthier and your home smelling fresher, it will minimize the chance that an errant ember from your cigarette will drop and smolder unnoticed until it causes damage.

Be kitchen-wise

This means monitoring what you have on the stove and keeping track of what’s baking in the oven. Don’t cook if you’re tired or taking medication that clouds your judgment or makes you drowsy. Being kitchen-wise also means wearing clothing that will not easily catch on the handles of pots and pans, or graze open flames or heating elements. It also means knowing how to put out a grease fire: water will make it spread, but salt or baking soda will extinguish it quickly (as will covering the pot or pan with a lid and turning off the stove). Always use your cook top’s vent fan while cooking. Also, keep a small, all-purpose fire extinguisher in a handy place such as under the sink. These 3-pound lifesavers are rated “ABC” for their fire-suppressing contents. Read the instructions on these inexpensive devices when you bring them home from the store so that you can act quickly, if the time comes.

Stop, drop and roll

Fight the urge to panic and run if your clothes catch fire because this will only accelerate its spread. Tamping out the fire by rolling is effective, especially since your clothes may be on fire on your back or lower body where you may not be immediately aware of it. If ground space is limited, cover yourself with a blanket to tamp out any flames, and douse yourself with water as soon as you can. Additionally, always stay close to the floor during a fire; heat and smoke rise, and breathable air will normally be found at the floor-level, giving you a greater chance of escape before being overcome by smoke and toxic fumes.

Keep your family safe by following these simple tips!

Electrical Panel Safety

All homeowners should know where their electrical panel is located. When you open the door to it, you should find breakers that are labeled which correspond to the different rooms or areas of the home. Breakers will sometimes trip due to a power surge or outage, and the homeowner can flip the switch to reactivate the current to the particular room or area. Behind the breakers is the dead front, and it is this electrical component that should be removed only by a qualified electrician or inspector.

Before touching the electrical panel to re-set a breaker, ask yourself the following questions:

Do I have an escape path? Make sure that you know where you can safely turn or step if you must escape a dangerous surprise, such a bee or a spark. An unfortunately placed shovel or extension cord, for instance, can turn a quick jerk into a dangerous fall.

Is the floor wet? Never touch any electrical equipment while standing on a wet surface!

Does the panel appear to be wet? Check overhead for dripping water that may have condensed on a cold water pipe.

Is the panel rusty? Rust is an indication of previous wet conditions that may still exist.

Are there scorch marks on the panel door? This can indicate a past or very recent arc, and further investigation should be deferred to a licensed electrician.

Here is a list of defective conditions that a homeowner may see that may be called out during an electrical inspection:

Insufficient clearance. According to the 2008 National Electrical Code, most residential electrical panels require at least a 3-foot clearance or working space in front, 30 inches of width, and a minimum headroom clearance of 6 feet, or the height of the equipment, whichever is greater.

Sharp-tipped panel box screws. Panel box cover screws must have blunt ends so they do not pierce the wires inside the box.

Circuit breakers that are not properly sized

Oxidation or corrosion to any of the parts. Oxidized or corroded wires will increase the resistance of conductors and create the potential for arcing.

Damage caused by rodents Rodents have been known to chew through wire insulation in electrical panels (and other areas), creating an unsafe condition. Rodents have been electrocuted this way, leaving an unsightly mess inside the panel.

Evidence of electrical failures, such as burned or overheated components

Evidence of water entry inside the electrical panel Moisture can corrode circuit breakers so that they won’t trip, make connections less reliable and the equipment unsafe to touch.

A panel manufactured by Zinsco or Federal Pacific Electric (FPE) These panels have a reputation for being problematic, and further evaluation by a qualified electrician is recommended.

Copyright © 2016 InterNACHI, All rights reserved.

At Top2Bottom Home Inspection, your peace of mind (and safety!) is our top priority. We are an InterNACHI certified professional home inspection company. We provide a variety of services including new home, thermal IR, mold, moisture, HVAC and roof inspections. We offer first time homebuyer and veteran discounts. Call anytime, or visit and we will be happy to help in any way we can.

Article Source: https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Paul_Navarro/2323762

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Choose the Right Catering Service for Your Fundraising Event

When food is a part of your fundraising event you must choose a catering service wisely and it must be considered as a night meals. How your guests remember your fundraiser will greatly depend on what they thought of the food and service. Those memories, good or bad, will influence them when it comes time to think about attending your next fundraising event.

Advance preparation is the key. Many venues that you select will have a restricted list of catering services that may be used. Some may insist you use their in-house catering service. Others may have no restrictions at all. No matter which position you find yourself in, you must allow sufficient time to explore your catering options before you make your choice.

When you have many catering choices I recommend that you keep your notes in a centralized location. A notebook with pockets or an expandable file folder would be ideal. Besides keeping yourself organized, it will allow you to include this valuable knowledge with your event information which should be passed down to next years event organizer.

Here are the main considerations in choosing a catering service:

List Your Catering Needs

In order to receive accurate bids for your fundraisers meal you must provide a listing of your catering needs. Important items to include are:

  • Date and time of your event.
  • Location of your event.
  • Indoor or outdoor.
  • Is there a kitchen on site?
  • How many guests (check for minimums with your catering services)?
  • Dietary concerns (vegetarian, vegan, gluten-free, kosher, etc.).
  • Alcohol needs.
  • Serving needs: buffet style, traditional sit down dinner, family style, food stations or cocktail reception.
  • Time available to set up and to break down the event?

Your Catering Budget

Let your caterer know your budget up front. Be clear about what type of event you are planning. Alert them to any theme or style for your event that could or should be reflected in the menu.

Don’t assume that a buffet or food station is less expensive than a sit down dinner. It all depends on the type of food served, not how it’s served.

Some lower cost options include Hors d’oeuvres Reception or Deli/Party Trays Reception, a Salad Luncheon, a Dessert Party, a Tea Party, or a Cake and Punch reception. If you are not planning to host a full meal, it’s best to schedule your reception or party during a non-standard meal time (between 2-4pm or after 7pm).

Menu

Some catering services are more ridged in their menu choices and options. Good questions to ask are:

  • Do they have set menus or can they customize menus according to the style of your event?
  • Are they able to accommodate guests with food allergies?
  • Do they work with fresh or frozen foods?
  • What are my beverage options and cost: water, milk, soft drinks, coffee, tea, etc.?
  • When will I need to finalize the menu?
  • When will they need a final head count?

Portion Sizes & Presentation

Ask to see photographs of the food that has been served at previous events. You are looking for portion size and presentation. Nobody wants to be surprised with small serving sizes or a sloppy looking plate. A picture of a set table (silverware, dishes, glasses, napkins, butter dishes, salt & pepper, and salad dressings) should be checked to make sure it is up to your standards.

Taste Test

If you are using a new catering service you should ask to sample their menu. Ask if there is a fee for a sample tasting?

If you feel the need, you may also request a tour the catering facility, especially the kitchen. This could be combined with the sample tasting.

Some even go so far as to make a surprise event site visit to judge the catering service in action.

Alcohol

If you are planning on having alcohol at your event it is generally recommended using the same catering service provide the bar and service to keep things simple.

You will have to decide whether to have an open bar or cash bar. Will the beverages be served at the bar, buffet style, and do the wait staff refill drinks at the tables?

If you are supplying the alcohol and they are bringing the mix & set-ups, what is the price per person? If you are providing the alcohol, will the caterer charge you a corkage fee?

There are many other issues for you to consider when serving alcohol at your fundraising event. An experienced catering service will guide you through all the hurtles.

Who’s In Charge On Site?

Ask your caterers who will be in charge of the meal being served. Hopefully, but not always, your caterer will be on site. If not, make sure and secure the name of the person in charge. In case of problems or difficulties you will need to work with this person closely. Make sure you are introduced to the person in charge before the event or on the day of the event.

Wait Staff

Good service, like good food, has a way of making an event memorable. Slow service can also adversely affect the pace and time table of your event.

Ask what the ratio of servers to guests will be for your event. A good rule of thumb for a sit down dinner is one server for every 8-10 guests.

Get a commitment from your caterer for how many waiters, busers, and bartenders will be provided. On the day of the event check and make sure they all show up. If they don’t all make it you have a good case for asking for a reduction in the price you are paying.

What will the wait staff wear? Make sure the wait staff is dressed appropriately for your event.

Rental Equipment

It’s very important to be perfectly clear about what the needs of your event are and what your caterer will be supplying and how much it will cost.

Does the price include table linens, napkins, dishes, and glassware? Ask to see samples.

Are there any color choices for the table linens and dinnerware?

Some catering services will also have available skirted tables, tables, chairs, furniture and other rental items including tents too.

Decorations

Some catering services will provide table decorations, usually for an additional price.

Centerpieces, flowers and candles may be available.

You may wish to have a menu board provided for the guests that describes the ingredients of the dishes being served.

License, Permits & Insurances

A catering service that is licensed and has the appropriate permits and liability insurance always tries their best to follow safe food handling practices and health code guidelines. Obviously, this is in your best interest. Nobody wants a sick guest as the result of the food that was served at your event. And if there is a problem, your caterer’s liability insurance should cover the problem. Make sure the caterer’s employees are covered by workers’ compensation so if something goes wrong the caterer is liable, not your organization.

Many un-licensed and un-insured catering services will have lower prices because they don’t have to cover these overhead costs. Be wary of any bids or quotes you receive that are significantly lower than the others. This may indicate a fly-by-night company or an inexperienced one.

References

Ask your potential catering services for recent past references. Make sure and call these references! Ask about the caterer’s food, professional skills, personality, and ability to handle anything unexpected.

Check with the Better Business Bureau in your town and inquire if they are a member and if there are any complaints against the company on file.

Hidden Costs

Are gratuities included in the food prices? If not, what is the gratuity charge? What is the policy for payment? Some caterers request cash, others accept checks or credit cards.

Make sure your pricing includes any taxes to be paid.

Know what your catering services overtime policy is and how overtime charges are calculated. If your event runs long or has a delay these charges may kick in, even if the cause is not your fault.

Financial Arrangements

Each catering service may calculate your fundraising events meal differently. To ensure you are comparing apples to apples it would be wise to create a simple check list. Use the check list to confirm that each catering service is providing the same services.

Always inquire how much deposit is needed and when the final balance is due.

After you have selected your caterer, they should provide a written contract for you to sign. You should also be provided a copy of the contract signed by your caterer.

This should be a fully detailed contract that reflects all the specifications you desire (event date, time, & location, menu, cost per person, date to finalize the head count, set up and tear down times, tipping policy, payment policy, rental equipment and decorations included, type and number of staff provided, overtime policy, and any other relevant services provided).

The contract should also detail the cancellation and refund policy.

Conclusion

Finally, always look for a catering service that you can be comfortable with. Having confidence in your caterer is important. You don’t want to preoccupy yourself with second guessing their every decision.

Look for enthusiasm. It’s important to find someone who will treat you like their most important customer, no matter what the size of your event.

Deane Brengle is a nonprofit professional who enjoys helping organizations become more successful. He writes for the Fund$Raiser Cyberzine [http://www.fundsraiser.com] on a variety of subjects like fundraising events [http://www.fundsraiser.com/fundraising-events.html] and fundraising ideas

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Get Smart Before You Sign On The Line

You may be offered car paint protection Adelaide when you’re buying a new car, grab it asap. You may not have had the greatest experience when shopping for a used or new vehicle. Perhaps you are looking for information to help you have a more effectively. When armed with knowledge, things will go smoother. Use this advice to get the car you desire.

When buying a car, you need to figure out what you’re looking for first. How much money are you afford to spend? How many people are you need to be able to accommodate? What type of gas mileage do you looking for? Do you want a two-door car or something a four-door car? Make a list of all the qualities you want in your car.

You do yourself a great disservice if you fail to negotiate a price lower than what your salesperson first offers. It is never smart to pay the sticker price on a car. These prices are purposefully high to allow negotiating room for the seller.

Get a car loan lined up before visiting the dealership. If you’ve already got a loan, the process will take a lot less time.

Figure out your financing before you even look at a car. Go to your local credit union or bank to talk in person. You might get a better interest rate by doing this.

When you haggle, think about the entire price, but on the total purchase price at the end of the terms. Dealers will do anything and everything to get you that monthly price, but you’ll pay monthly prices for years on the total cost of an outrageously-priced car. Negotiate the best overall deal for the car. Then figure out what the monthly payment you can afford is.

You don’t want to feel rushed so that you commit yourself to a deal you’re not really comfortable with. You need at least a full afternoon. If you have no time left, you should leave and return the following day.

Test the merchandise before you purchase.

Safety is an important feature you should look for a new car. Anti-lock brakes or ABS are an absolute must for any car.Safety is of the utmost importance because you will be in this vehicle a lot.

Call the bank about financing you need for the vehicle you are interested in.This is something that is good for your own peace of mind. Though the dealership’s finance department may get you a better deal than the bank, consulting with outside banks is a good way to get a ballpark idea of what you will pay.

You need to test drive your vehicle before buying it. Even if you know what your next car should be and the dealer has it, take the few minutes needed to test drive it. There is no substitute for the feeling of driving the car.You may find that the car has a rougher ride or coarse handling.

You will be able to view a vast selection on the Internet. Do not visit a dealership before learning all about your options. You can find all kinds of stuff out as much information as you would like to know by searching online.

Rent a car in order to test them out. This will give you get a good idea of what it is like to drive.Go on a trip to see how the car stands up to the abuse.This is an easy way to get lots of first hand experience with it before making the money on it.

Go to the auto show to find out makes and models on offer. This gives you a great opportunity to look over many different cars and what is available to you.You will also be able to ask questions of people who know a lot about these cars.

Ask if the car can be inspected by a third-party mechanic. This mechanic needs to be one you trust.Don’t use the mechanic your dealer recommends to you. A good mechanic will let you determine whether or not the vehicle is priced reasonably and free of defects.

Think about the MPG a car shopping. A car that’s economical may be more upfront, but it will save you a lot of money over the life of the car. Consider this before buying a new vehicle and consider your budget long term as well.

Be sure to look for rebates before you go.Lots of car sales places give you a rebate to make the sale a little quicker in order to encourage fast decisions.

You might be disappointed by the price your old car brings, but you sure got a great deal on the car to offset that.

Choose a car which is known to need few repairs and needing rare repairs. You certainly want to avoid spending a money pit that drains your bank account every few weeks just so it works! Look online for you.

Speak to friends and family about car shopping. Ask them about their experience and whether or not they recommend the dealer. If you’ve heard multiple recommendations for one dealership, you should consider going there.

Check financing options prior to looking for vehicles. You will know what you can afford. You can also look forward to not be as distracted when the salesman shows you low payments and other tricks.

This allows you to find out if there are any apparent mechanical or electrical problems that you are considering purchasing. If you find problems, you should think about getting a different car, or perhaps you can bargain for a more reasonable price that reflects the issues.

Avoid car dealers with a good looking lot. Lots of dealers sell cars that have no business on the road. If the dealership does not look well-maintained, then the products they are selling are not nice either.

Great deals will not simply appear by magic. It is necessary to learn ways to make them happen and to fight off aggressive sales techniques. Look into the numbers and find out what they are made of. Remember what you have learned here and enjoy your shopping experience.

What Not To Wear To Your Company Picnic

I discover that Putney Park is a very popular for someone having a Sydney picnic spots. It’s that time of year again. Every morning you are forced to make that difficult decision of whether you are going to melt on your commute to work or freeze in your igloo (I mean office) all day.

When you work in an office all day with the AC set on 68 degrees, sometimes you can forget that it is over 90 degrees outside. (That is until you leave for the day and you run smack into that wall of humidity and sweltering heat that awaits you on the other side of that office door.)

It’s summertime! And in the Ohio Valley, that means record breaking temperatures combined with that evil thing called humidity whose only purpose is to melt your face off and make your hair look like Richard Simmons’.

So we felt the need to write the obligatory “Summertime Office Dress Code” article. But let’s be honest, it’s been done before. Actually, we already wrote that article two years ago.

In an attempt to bring you some fresh summer content, we’ve decided to tackle the deceiving beast also known as the Company Picnic.

What’s tricky about this event is that it is a company event trying to disguise itself as a fun, relaxing summer party. Do not be deceived!

Just like office holiday parties: what happens at a company event doesn’t stay at a company event. This isn’t Vegas people. We’re talking about people you work with everyday. And these people should not see you in your summer club wear.

Okay, so company picnics or office park/pool parties are tricky. You have to cover up enough to be appropriate, but you also don’t want to die of a heat stroke. So today, we’re bringing you, “What Not To Wear To A Company Picnic.”

Men, you may think that you’re off the hook. Oh no, some of you are the biggest offenders. “I’ll just wear shorts and a shirt. No big deal. Right?” Wrong.

Let’s start with you, businessmen, since you are often the forgotten gender when it comes to fashion advice.

For The Men: What Not To Wear To A Company Picnic

Anything with holes in it. Okay, so those jeans are really nice for painting the house or working on your Mustang, but no one needs to see your Hot Tamale boxers peeping out of those frayed holes. And even though you think no one will notice that little hole in the arm pit of your favorite polo, we all saw it when you high-fived Bob from Accounting after he won the potato sack race. Here’s the gist: The only holy piece of clothing you should wear to a company picnic is if you work at a Church and your garments have been blessed by the Pope. Stick to shorts and jeans that do not allow you to feel the breeze in places you shouldn’t.

Jorts. Do we even need to go here? No grown man should wear jorts (jean + shorts). This isn’t even about being appropriate; this is just common fashion sense.

Graphic Tees. Unless you want to be “that guy,” stay away from the Ed Hardy tees. (This should really be a general life rule, not just for company parties). Now is not the time to bust out your “Beer Pong Champs 1996” t-shirt from college (even if you are really proud of that accomplishment). Sports team pride shirts can also be a little hazardous, especially is this area. Wearing a UK national champion’s shirt with the matching hat is the equivalent of begging people to push you into the pool. To stay safe, stick with a nice colorful polo shirt. Sick of wearing collars? A plain colored shirt with a rounded neck (or even a v-neck if you’re feeling a little hipsterish) is your best bet. Do stay away from grey unless you want the whole office to know how much you sweat.

Ratty shoes. Unless you are one of the 10% of men that admits to getting pedicures, then maybe you should stay away from open toe shoes. But please, do not dust off your gas-mowing shoes just because you are going to a park or a backyard party. Nice tennis shoes or even man sandals will do. Just promise us that you won’t wear socks with your mandals. Really, that’s all we ask.

Okay, so the men have it easy. They really don’t have that much to choose from. As long as they keep it clean, ironed, and in one piece, they’re good to go.

Now let’s tackle the women. Oh yes, the fashion forward gender. There are so many new trends and old trends trying to make a comeback just in time for summer. But just as men don’t want to be “that guy,” you don’t want to be “that girl” who shows too much. So let’s break it down.

For The Women: What Not To Wear To A Company Picnic

Booty Shorts. It seems that these days there are two types of shorts for women: “Pot Holders” and “Safari Down Under.” Just as with most clothing, you want to leave something to the imagination. And shorts are no exception. Luckily some stores are realizing that all women don’t like have their rear hanging out or the alternative: unflattering cargo Capri’s that cut you so wrong that your legs just lost five inches. If you’re going to brave the short department, shoot for a happy medium (walking shorts, Bermudas or Capri’s for example). Maybe even use the finger tip rule. If it works for the private schools, it can work for you too.

Belly shirts/Tube Tops. The trend this summer: Belly shirts. I’m not even joking. I lost count of how many belly shirts I saw at a church picnic last weekend. The only time you should bust out that belly shirt is if you’re dressing up as Kelly Kapowski from Saved by the Bell for Halloween. The same goes for tube tops. Any clothing that you look at on a hanger and you have to ask yourself, ‘Is this a shirt or a skirt?” you should stay away from. However, don’t be afraid to wear sleeveless tops. Just be sure to avoid tanks, cropped tops, backless and halters. The last thing you want is to be reaching for some more of Marge from Human Resources’ special five-layer dip and accidentally slip out of your top. Everyone will be calling you Janet Jackson for at least sixth months.

Stilettos. Okay, so we don’t think anybody would actually wear stilettos to a company picnic but you never know! As always, consider the amount of activity you will be engaging in as you pick your shoes. Flip flops may be comfy, but you don’t want to break an ankle in the three-legged race. Heels also don’t play well with grass or mud. Oh and if this is the first time your feet have seen the sun in years, you may want to do some trimming and painting before they make their debut. Stick with comfortable yet adorable sandals that have backs to them. Luckily those are also trendy this summer so they won’t be hard to find.

Anything You Would Wear To A Club. That pretty much sums up everything we just described-shorts, tops, shoes. But there is one more tricky piece of clothing that can get you in trouble: dresses. Who doesn’t love a fun summer dress? When looking through your closet, find a dress that is still an appropriate length for work. If the top of it is a little “showier” than it should be (as most summer dresses are), simply put a camisole under it. Do the sit down and bend over test to make sure everything stays where it should. If you still have concerns, don’t wear it.

We’ll leave the accessories up to you. Did you know fanny packs are making a comeback? Okay, so it’s more a bunch of hipsters mocking the 90s, but still. To be safe, let’s avoid those too.

In the end, just remember you are still at a work function even if it has fun name like “Annual ABC Company Summer Picnic Extravaganza.” You may be out of the office, but you are still in the company of your boss, supervisors and co-workers. So keep it classy.

Make sure your employees know what to wear and what not to wear by including a summer dress code policy in your handbook. Read more about that here.

For more expert HR advice, visit Integrity HR’s Human Resource Blog. We update our blog every week with HOT HR issues that influence your business.

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Several Reasons To Take Up Surfing

There are countless motives why an individual should learn to surf and use their surfing app. Riding a wave is something surfers fully recognize and non-surfers will never entirely grasp. Riding waves links the surfer to the power of the ocean and also the storm that produced that power. When you surf, you will be riding the power from a weather system that produced waves in a distant location. To nearly all surfers, surfing is a religious encounter that takes over the surfer when riding a wave and connecting with the ocean. That buzz of riding the wave may keep numerous surfers addicted for their life.

People might think other activities are similar to surfing. Other board related sports activities might ride decks similar to surfing, but tend not to have the same feel as that of riding a wave. When surfers surf a wave, the wave is in existence for a single instant in time. Other board sports focus on riding fixed fabrications similar to snow or road enabling duplication to progress. In contrast, surfing requires perseverance and motivation to get better as duplication is not likely in the ocean with every single wave being a special experience.

Gaining the knowledge to surf is a arduous process. A session from a skilled instructor is highly preferred for starters. In many cases, a good friend could possibly offer to take you surfing for your initial time. Unless your buddy is experienced and is planning to spend time and energy to you on your initial day surfing, there is a good likelihood you will not ride a wave. If you choose to sign up for a session from a qualified surf instructor, you ought to be able to ride at least a few smaller waves on your first day out surfing. From then on, surfing requires a whole lot of work to master.

As you learn and advance, the compensation is great. My initial surf was a significant experience. As you gain skills as a surfer, you make more out of surfing. Surfing waves is a experience and positive feeling similar to no other for the expert wave rider. As a newbie, you should not try to surf bigger more extreme waves as you might get hurt. If the wave looks demanding, it typically is greater than your skill level. Take your time learning and make certain you master good surf etiquette previous to venturing out to a packed surf break where better surfers are in the surf lineup.

Surfing is a truly fulfilling activity to surfers that get educated about good skills and surf etiquette. Go for it and give it a try.

Three Options For Corporate Event Venues That Will Surprise Your Colleagues

Whatever the occasion whether it is a corporate functions Melbourne, we will work with you in the lead up to your corporate event to ensure all the details are taken care of. Watch popular television shows and movies long enough, and you’ll start to see a theme emerge regarding the general idea of what a corporate event venue is and what it means to the corporate culture. There aren’t many surprises, everything is fairly buttoned-down, and when it comes to keeping the pep up in the crowd, it’s done with mid-morning snacks. Truth be told, reading that last sentence made you feel the drag that most corporate events are. The problem is that the venues are nothing special to write home about.

There’s gotta be a better way.

Corporate events is really a fancy way of saying that a company is getting together for a specific purpose as a whole company. The company in question may be doing so as a large-scale sales pitch. Sometimes, they’ve decided that employees need to have a bonding experience to help bring everyone together. And still at other times, there may be a need to get the company together to go over pertinent data at one time. Either way you look at it, the events are not really much to speak of, but this is why most of the time, employees tend to see the events as being a little on the boring side. It’s the same-old-same-old time and time again, which can actually have negative effects on the purpose of the event in the first place.

So, if a company is in need of making their next corporate event more impactful, what can be done? Well, for starters, it might be best to rock the boat a bit when it comes to the venue chosen for the event. As long as you have all the right ins and outs that make the data you’re sharing with attendees get where it needs to, you’re pretty set.

Here are three possible options for corporate event venues that just may help you rewrite the whole event planning handbook at work:

Hotels ⏤ OK, this one isn’t really that unique, but there are more hotels now than ever. Each one is vying for business, and with that comes the need to innovate. These innovations can actually be a great benefit to corporate events as they can do more than simply deal with the only available technology.

Indoor Entertainment Facilities ⏤ If you’re team-building, why not do it over some bowling or laser-tag? These types of entertainment facilities are very popular and house a number of sports/events/activities under one roof.

Movie Grill/Dine-In Theater/Cinema Brewery ⏤ Why not rent a local movie theater that’s more than just an average movie theater? These types of theaters have killer technology, work well with the needs of the renter, and can even help with customizing a menu. Your employees’ minds would be blown!

Running a business is hard work, and it takes a collaborative effort from everyone at every level to make a company successful year after year. Choosing the right corporate event venue, especially one that’s a little unique, can actually make employees excited about these big get-togethers. This positive attitude can, in turn, spill over into the general approach to the job, making productivity go up a bit.